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A sunburn is a burn to the skin grossed by overexposure to ultraviolet radiation. Anyone who lodges a beach, goes fishing, works in the yard, or simply is out in the sun can get sunburn. Lighter-skinned individuals are affected more commonly and severely. Inappropriate tanning bed use is also a source of sunburn. Though seldom fatal, sunburn can be disabling and cause quite a bit of discomfort. Sunburn in a very light-skinned person may happen in less than 15 minutes of noon sun exposure, while a dark-skinned person may suffer the same exposure for some hours.

While the symptoms are usually temporary (such as red skin which is painful to the touch), the skin damage is often permanent and can have severe long-term health effects, involving skin cancer. In rare cases, sunburn may be so serious and disseminate that it results in second-degree burns, dehydration, secondary infection, shock, or even death. When your skin is exposed to sunlight, it makes a pigment named melanin to help prevent itself against ultraviolet light. Sunburn may also occur from exposure to other UV light sources like solaria or tanning salons.

Sunburn can be life-minacing and is a leading cause of cancer. A acute sunburn may even result in swelling and blistering. Children are at the greatest risk. More than half of a lifetime's sun exposure usually occurs during childhood. Mild or severe sunburn usually begins the same way, but prolongs to progress -often peaking in the second 24 hours. Sunburn can happen in less than 15 minutes and can take a few days or weeks to heal depending on the severity. Swelling of the skin, mainly in the legs, is common. Toxins are manumited with sunburn, and fever is not unuaual.

Skin peeling normally begins between three and eight days after exposure. Most sunburns cause moderate pain and redness but influence only the outer layer of skin. The red skin might harm when you touch it. Sunburn doesn't just occur in hot weather - reflection of light off the snow can also cause sunburn. Sunburn can easily be prevented by the use of sunscreen, clothing (and hats), and by limiting solar exposure, specially during the middle of the day.

Causes of Sunburn

The common causes and risk factor's of Sunburn include the following:

  • Heavy exposure of the skin to UVR
  • Particular light-skinned and fair-haired people are at greater risk of sunburn injury.
  • Prior recent sun exposure and prior skin injury are risks for sunburn.
  • Exposure to other UV light sources such as solaria or tanning salons.
  • Sun lamps can acute severe sunburn.
  • Few medications (such as the antibiotic doxycycline) can make you more susceptible to sunburn.

Symptoms of Sunburn

Some sign and symptoms related to Sunburn are as follows:

  • Variation in skin colour, ranging from pink to red and even purple.
  • Tenderness.
  • Skin feels hot to the touch.
  • Headache and chills.
  • Swelling and occasional blistering.
  • Skin peeling on sunburned areas several days after the sunburn.
  • Fever can present in severe cases.

Treatment of Sunburn

Here is list of the methods for treating Sunburn:

  • If your case is mild and not life threatening, the doctor may simply prescribe plenty of fluids, aspirin, or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Over the counter medications, such as ibuprofen, may help to relieve pain from sunburn.
  • Additional topical measures such as cool compresses, Burow solution soaks, or high-quality moisturizing creams and lotions may be prescribed.
  • Apply an aloe vera lotion several times a day.
  • If you have blistering, steroids may be forbear to avoid an increased risk of infection.
  • Harsh cases may be associated with other heat-related illnesses, including heat exhaustion and heat stroke.