Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that commonly affects the face. It’s typically referred to as the “pregnancy mask” because it primarily affects pregnant women, however it can affect anyone. Melasma spots darken and lighten over time, frequently worsening in the summer and improving in the winter. It is critical to understand that each individual case responds differently to treatment, and you must determine what works best for you. Check out these 7 easy and safe natural melasma treatments!
What exactly is melasma?
Melasma is a common skin ailment that causes brown or grey patches of skin to form on the face. It is caused by an overproduction of the cells that produce your skin’s color and is frequently induced by sun exposure or hormonal changes. It is commonly referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” because it primarily affects pregnant women. Melasma most usually affects your cheeks, nose, chin, upper lip, and forehead, but it can also affect your arms, neck, and back. It can damage any region of your skin that is exposed to sunlight and tends to worsen while you are. Melasma is not unpleasant, itchy, or irritating in any way, but because it appears on such exposed regions, many individuals are self-conscious about it and want it treated.
Melasma Is Caused By What?
UV light from sun exposure is the most common cause of melasma. It can also be caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy or by some drugs, such as the birth control pill. Melasma is more common in women than in men (90% of instances are in women), and it affects people with darker skin tones more than those with lighter complexion. It has also been discovered that blue light emitted by light bulbs, computer displays, and other electronic gadgets can aggravate melasma.
6 Melasma Symptoms and Signs
1. Discoloration patches and areas that are darker than your normal skin tone
2. blotchy patches and markings like freckles
3. Patches are usually found on the face and are symmetrical (matching marks on both sides of the face)
4. Spots that commonly form on the cheekbones, forehead, nasal bridge, and chin, but can also be present on the neck, back, and forearms.
5. Patches with darker skin tones may seem bluish-grey.
Patches that become more visible when exposed to sunlight
When Should You See a Doctor?
Because melasma can be subtle and can mimic other skin diseases, you should contact a dermatologist as soon as you observe face pigmentation. Melasma patients are also more likely to have thyroid illness, therefore your doctor may order a thyroid test.
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6 Natural Melasma Treatments
Curcumin, a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substance, is found in turmeric. Turmeric can help prevent melasma by shielding the skin from UV radiation and inhibiting melanin synthesis. Curcumin has also been shown to help with hyperpigmentation. Make a paste of turmeric powder and water or milk and apply it to the affected regions. Leave it on for 10-20 minutes, or until thoroughly dry, before rinsing with warm water.
2. Extract of Liquorice
Licorice extract includes anti-inflammatory qualities and active compounds that suppress tyrosinase, the enzyme responsible for pigmentation caused by sun exposure. Many skin-lightening creams contain it to help erase dark spots. Licorice extract also contains liquidity, an active chemical that aids in the dispersal and removal of existing melanin in the skin, so preventing new spots from forming and diminishing existing ones.
3. Lentils (Red)
Red lentils are high in antioxidants and can help alleviate hyperpigmentation caused by melasma. Soak red lentils in water overnight, then mix them into a thick paste in the morning to make a DIY face mask. Allow the paste to settle on your face for 20 minutes. Rinse with cold water and apply a mild moisturizer.
4. Foods High in Vitamin D
It is critical to keep your skin healthy in order to protect it from melasma and other skin disorders. Vitamin D acts as a protective agent and is thought to help with immunological function. It aids in the metabolization, growth, and repair of skin cells. Try a vitamin D-rich diet that includes almond milk, eggs, beef, mushrooms, oily salmon, orange juice, and yogurt.
5. Water with Green and Black Tea
Both green and black tea water can be used to treat dark spots. This is because tea contains astringent qualities that soothe and settle inflammatory pigmentation. Tea is also extremely moisturizing. Dip a cotton ball in steeped (but cooled) black or green tea and dab it on the dark melasma spots on your face. For optimal results, repeat 1 to 2 times each day.
Aloe Vera gel
One of the most recognized cures for skin inflammation is aloe vera. It’s extremely nourishing and moisturizing, as well as mild. Liposome-encapsulated aloe vera has been shown in clinical trials to improve melasma in pregnant women. It works by going deep into the skin’s layer to nourish it while also protecting it from UV rays.
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